Every student might have their own method of learning. Some might be auditory learners, while others are visual learners. And some students might find that the kinesthetic style of learning works best for them. Other students might follow a more traditional route; for instance, a student of the ICSE medium might find that their best way of learning is through ICSE science tuition. Regardless, every style of learning has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Historically, scientists have tried to classify the various styles of learning. One of the more popular theories is the VARK model, which postulates that there are four primary styles of learning, namely: visual, auditory, reading/writing and kinesthetic. Generally, people might use a combination of these techniques, but more often than not, they have a preference for one style over the other. We will explore these styles of learning, their pros and cons, as well as their characteristics in detail here.
As the name suggests, visual learning involves comprehending visual information through graphs, maps, images, charts and other visual media. In other words, visual learners use media that contains imagery to understand and comprehend information. For example, a student might better understand a certain concept through a flowchart or a diagrammatic representation of the concept. Visual learners may also prefer to colour code things and visualise things that are being told to them.
Learners who rely on this style of learning are able to process information better when it is heard or explained to them. Forms of auditory learning involve classroom discussions, lectures and other related activities. Moreover, such learners will also benefit by recording and replaying lectures, fellow students explaining concepts and similar activities. It is interesting to note that most schools and colleges/universities employ auditory learning as it is the oldest style of learning.
Such learners often perform well when information is presented through words, i.e., by reading it or writing it down. To these individuals, the notion of written text is a far more engaging and appealing form of learning than other styles. They will also prefer taking notes, written quizzes and written assignments. Interestingly, there is anecdotal evidence that this form of learning is the most effective, with students being able to retain information easily. These types of learners might prefer to stay in one place rather than move around constantly like kinesthetic learners.
Students who prefer to learn by having a tactile and hands-on experience are called kinesthetic learners. They also learn by taking things apart and then putting them back together. Moreover, kinesthetic learners might be able to recall and comprehend information better when they have hands-on experience. Behaviorally, these types of learners tend to be very active and take frequent breaks. Usually, they don’t like the idea of sitting in one place for long.
In conclusion, these are the various styles of learning observed in students. Explore a coaching centre near me for Class 10 and other important resources to help you secure good marks in your upcoming exams only at BYJU’S.